من هو خليل الله. قارون

See, for example, Bowersock, Glen Warren, Peter Robert Lamont Brown and Oleg Grabar Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World 1999, Harvard University Press p "Muhmmad," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world• Lapidus 2002 , pp 0

تفسير الاحلام مجاناً من كتاب ابن سيرين Tafsir Al Ahlam Ibn Sirin

Peter Teed 1992 , p.

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تفسير الاحلام مجاناً من كتاب ابن سيرين Tafsir Al Ahlam Ibn Sirin
Hitti, History of the Arabs, 10th edition 1970 , p
قارون
محمد
These sources contain internal complexities, anachronisms, discrepancies, and contradictions El-Cheikh, Nadia Maria Byzantium Viewed by the Arabs 2004, Harvard University Press p
597, which notes that many of the details surrounding Muhammad's life as given in the biographies, are "problematic in certain respects, the most important of which is that they represent a tradition of living narrative that is likely to have developed orally for a considerable period before it was given even a relatively fixed written form

تفسير الاحلام مجاناً من كتاب ابن سيرين Tafsir Al Ahlam Ibn Sirin

sources are not contemporaneous with the events they purport to relate and sometimes were written many centuries later.

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محمد
however, there is no relevant archaeological, epigraphic, or numismatic evidence dating from the time of Muhammad, nor are there any references to him in non-Muslim sources dating from the period before 632
قارون
محمد
Kafih Jerusalem, 1984 , ch 137 Netanel's work was virtually unknown beyond his native Yemen until modern times, so had little influence on later Jewish thought• Moreover, many of them provide evidence of embellishment and invention that were introduced to serve the purposes of political or religious apologetic
5, "One major challenge to examining initial contacts between Byzantium and the early Muslim umma arises from the controversy surrounding the traditional Islamic account Denis Gril, Miracles, , Brill, 2007

قارون

The Bustan al-Ukul, by Nathanael ibn al-Fayyumi, edited and translated by David Levine, Columbia University Oriental Studies Vol.

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تفسير الاحلام مجاناً من كتاب ابن سيرين Tafsir Al Ahlam Ibn Sirin
Ideally, one would like to be able to check such accounts against contemporary evidence
تفسير الاحلام مجاناً من كتاب ابن سيرين Tafsir Al Ahlam Ibn Sirin
Seeing Islam as others saw it: a survey and evaluation of Christian, Jewish, Robert G
محمد