|"Muhmmad," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world• Denis Gril, Miracles, , Brill, 2007||5, "One major challenge to examining initial contacts between Byzantium and the early Muslim umma arises from the controversy surrounding the traditional Islamic account|
|137 Netanel's work was virtually unknown beyond his native Yemen until modern times, so had little influence on later Jewish thought• The Bustan al-Ukul, by Nathanael ibn al-Fayyumi, edited and translated by David Levine, Columbia University Oriental Studies Vol||Seeing Islam as others saw it: a survey and evaluation of Christian, Jewish, Robert G|
Peter Teed 1992 , p.
|Ideally, one would like to be able to check such accounts against contemporary evidence||Lapidus 2002 , pp 0|
|Kafih Jerusalem, 1984 , ch||El-Cheikh, Nadia Maria Byzantium Viewed by the Arabs 2004, Harvard University Press p|
These sources contain internal complexities, anachronisms, discrepancies, and contradictions.2