ابو الرود. ابوریحان بیرونی

Ahmad", in Leiden , New Ed Ahmad", in Encyclopaedia of Islam Leiden , New Ed
Boilot, "Al-Biruni Beruni , Abu'l Rayhan Muhammad b Boilot, "Al-Biruni Beruni , Abu'l Rayhan Muhammad b

ابوریحان بیرونی

Bacharach, Medieval Islamic Civilization: A-K, index: Vol.

9
ابوریحان بیرونی
Massignon, "Al-Biruni et la valuer internationale de la science arabe" in Al-Biruni Commemoration Volume, Calcutta, 1951
ابوریحان بیرونی
but the vowel of the first syllable is majhul, which means that in more ancient times it was pronounced Beron or Bayroon
ابوریحان بیرونی
excerpt from page 112: "Although his native Khwarezmian was also an Iranian language, he rejected the emerging neo-Persian literature of his time Firdawsi , preferring Arabic instead as the only adequate medium of science
Kennedy, The Cambridge History of Iran: The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs, Ed Sachau, Chronology, xivxvi , in the suburb birun of Kath, capital of Khwarizm"
That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author's time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam'ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute Richard Nelson Frye, Cambridge University Press, 1999 , 394

ابوریحان بیرونی

Ahmed 1984 , "Al-Beruni: The First Anthropologist" , RAIN 60• He was equally well versed in the mathematical, astronomic, physical and natural sciences and also distinguished himself as a geographer and historian, chronologist and linguist and as an impartial observer of customs and creeds.

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ابوریحان بیرونی
ابوریحان بیرونی
ابوریحان بیرونی
He is known as al-Ustdadh, "the Master"
Gotthard Strohmaier, "Biruni" in Josef W Al-Biruni Persian scholar and scientist , Encyclopaedia Britannica:"A Persian by birth, a rationalist in disposition, this contemporary of Avicenna and Alhazen not only studied history, philosophy, and geography in depth, but wrote one of the most comprehensive of Muslim astronomical treatises, the Qanun Al-Masu'di
Excerpt 2:"was one of the greatest scholars of mediaeval Islam, and certainly the most original and profound

ابوریحان بیرونی

Sachau, Chronology, xivxvi , in the suburb birun of Kath, capital of Khwarizm".

2
ابوریحان بیرونی
He is known as al-Ustdadh, "the Master"
ابوریحان بیرونی
; Borwein, Jonathan; Borwein, Peter 2014
ابوریحان بیرونی
Excerpt 2:"was one of the greatest scholars of mediaeval Islam, and certainly the most original and profound