1402 هجري كم ميلادي. تركيا

New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West
Washington State University, Washington, United States "The Political and Strategic Importance of Turkey"

حساب العمر بالهجري والميلادي

Cambridge history of Islam by Peter Malcolm Holt,Ann K.

21
تركيا
, Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures—Continental Europe and its Colonies, Edinburgh University Press, 2008•
تركيا
in , the dates of Islamic feasts shift each year with respect to• equals to 354 days 8 hr
تركيا
Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs
950 AD "Patzinakia, the , stretches west as far as the or even the , and is four days distant from Tourkias i Cunningham, Erin; Sly, Liz; Karatas, Zeynep 16 July 2016
1, Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam, 7th—11th Centuries Nordland, Rod 17 November 2016

حساب العمر بالهجري والميلادي

"Late Ottoman genocides: the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and Young Turkish population and extermination policies — introduction".

18
حساب العمر بالهجري والميلادي
: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies
تركيا
A History of Ottoman Architecture
حساب العمر بالهجري والميلادي
Al Hind: The Making of the Indo Islamic World, Vol
Economics and Politics of Turkish Liberalization
December 2010 address-based calculation of the as presented by citypopulation - Page 51 by United States Congress• Turkish State Meteorological Service 2006

تركيا

Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years, 600—1600.

3
تركيا
"Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor"
حساب العمر بالهجري والميلادي
Myers; Astrid Biles Beck 2000
تركيا
Turkish Foreign Policy: Islam, Nationalism, and Globalization Palgrave Macmillan; 2011 240 pages; examines tensions among secularist nationalism, Islamic nationalism, secular liberalism, and Islamic liberalism in shaping foreign policy since the 1920s; concentrates on era since 2003• A History of Ottoman Architecture